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MySQL Import and Export (.sql file) via SSH

Problem:

How to import and export a MySQL Database from the command line.

Solution:

MySQL Tutorial - Import or Export A Database

This tutorial outlines the steps for importing and exporting MySQL databases via command line (SSH). Click Here for information about getting SSH access.

1. Export A MySQL Database

This example shows you how to export a database. It is a good idea to export your data often as a backup.
  1. Using SSH, execute the following command:
    mysqldump -u username -p database_name > dbname.sql 
    
  2. You will be prompted for a password, type in the password for the username and press Enter. Replace username, password and database_name with your MySQL username, password and database name.

File dbname.sql now holds a backup of your database and is ready for download to your computer.

2. Import A MySQL Database

The file must be in .sql format. It can not be compressed in a .zip or .tar.gz file.
  1. Start by uploading the .sql file onto the Free1host server
  2. If you haven't already done so, create the MySQL database via the cpanel. Click Here for further instructions
  3. Using SSH, navigate to the directory where your .sql file is.
  4. Next run this command:
     mysql -p -u username database_name < file.sql 

    Note: The -p will prompt for your account's password.

    Note: username is the user with rights to the database. If you are unsure what the username is you can use the same username and password used to sign into SSH.

    Note: Make sure your database name has your Bluehost username prefix with the _ (underscore) after it and the database name.



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